Self-Leadership and Action-State Orientation The Role of Vertical and Horizontal Individualism

Ana L. Kazan, Kevin Knotts, Jeffery D. Houghton, Christopher P. Neck

Abstract


Two studies were conducted to examine the relationship between self-leadership and action-state orientations. Study 1 applied confirmatory factor analyses to data from a U.S. sample to examine the discriminant validity between the two constructs. Results indicate that self-leader- ship and action-state orientation are indeed two separate constructs. Study 2 advanced and tested hypotheses examining the roles of horizon- tal and vertical individualism in moderating the relationship between self-leadership and action-state orientation. Analyses of data from 154 Brazilian subjects provide support for the hypothesized relationship between self-leadership and action-state orientation. Furthermore, the results provide support for the role of horizontal individualism as a moderator of the self-leadership to action-state orientation relationship. The implications of the findings of this study are discussed along with directions for future research.

Keywords: self-leadership, action-state orientation, vertical individualism, horizontal individualism


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