Vol. 1 No. 1 (2014): Journal of Leadership and Management

Leadership and Strategy. The Vital but Evasive Role of Cooperation and Clarity of Expectations during Strategic Change

Simon A. Moss
1. Department of Management, Monash University, Australia 2. School of Psychological and Clinical Sciences, Charles Darwin University, Australia
Ivan Butar Butar
Department of Management, Monash University, Australia
Giles Hirst
Department of Management, Monash University, Australia
Matt Tice
The Palladium Group Asia-Pacific, Australia
Michael Craner
The Palladium Group Asia-Pacific, Australia
Jade Evans
The Palladium Group Asia-Pacific, Australia
Charmine E. J. Hartel
School of Business, Queensland University, Australia
Published August 25, 2014
How to Cite
Moss, S. A., Butar, I. B., Hirst, G., Tice, M., Craner, M., Evans, J., & Hartel, C. E. J. (2014). Leadership and Strategy. The Vital but Evasive Role of Cooperation and Clarity of Expectations during Strategic Change. Journal of Leadership and Management, 1(1). Retrieved from http://leadership.net.pl/JLM/article/view/21


Strategic change evokes a shift in the distribution of power and, therefore, often impairs cooperation and obscures the standards that employees must achieve. Yet, unless employees perceive the work environment as cooperative and their responsibilities as unambiguous, they tend to feel too unsafe to embrace the uncertainty that change entails. To examine the significance of this cooperation and clarity of standards, in Study 1,223 executives assessed workplace cooperation, clarity of standards, meaning at work, impediments to strategic change, and firm performance. Workplace cooperation and clarity of standards were inversely related to impediments to change – a relationship that was mediated by meaning at work. To clarify how organizations cultivate this workplace cooperation and clarity of standards in the midst of change,
35 executives were interviewed. Thematic analyses revealed that leaders should first inculcate a vivid, shared vision but then gradually encourage individuals to assume distinct responsibilities that match their preferences.


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