Information technology self-leadership and innovation
We define IT self-leadership as the initiatives of a team’s members to use IT to improve their team performance. This exploratory multiple case study explores how IT self-leadership manifests in teams and how it contributes to the innovativeness of teams. IT self- leadership construct is developed by adapting the self-leadership construct to the information technology context. The study is conducted at six different product- or process-innovative teams, where the context of those teams was distributed between small organizations and large multinationals. Results show that IT self-leadership influences innovative behavior by enhancing communication, feedback, brainstorming, networking, sharing knowledge, visualization and adaptive behavior. Moreover, product innovations appear to be mostly influenced by IT self-leadership through technology driven idea generation. Process innovation on the other hand, is driven by the business and to a lesser degree by IT self-leadership. This paper concludes with practical suggestions to improve IT self-leadership and thereby team innovativeness.
Amabile, T. M. and R. Conti (1996). Assessing the Work Environment for Creativity. Academy of Management Journal 39: 1154-1185.
Amabile, T. M. (1998). How to kill creativity. In A. Bandura (Ed.), Breakthrough Thinking. Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing.
Bandura, A. (1991). Social cognitive theory of self-regulation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 50 (2): 248-87.
Bandura, A., Blanchard, E.B. and B. Ritter (1969). Relative efficacy of desensitization and modeling approaches for inducing behavioral, affective, and attitudinal changes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 13: 173-199.
Bodewes, W., and de J. P. J. Jong (2003). Innovatie in het MKB: Eigenaardigheden in context, proces en management. Management Executive 1 (14).
Boso, N., Story, V. M., Cadogan, J. W., Micevski, M., and S. Kadic-Maglajlic (2013). Firm Innovativeness and Export Performance: Environmental. Networking, and Structural Contingencies. Journal of Marketing Research 21 (4): 62-87.
Carlo, J. L., Lyytinen, K., and G. M. Rose (2012). A Knowledge-Based Model of Radical Innovation in Small Software Firms. MIS Quarterly 36 (3): 865-895.
Carmeli, A., Meitar, R., and J. Weisberg (2006). Self-leadership skills and innovative behavior at work. International Journal of Manpower 27 (1): 75-90.
Cawsey, T. F., Deszca, G., and C. Ingols (2011). Organizational change: An action-oriented toolkit. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage.
Cannon-Bowers, J.A., Salas, E., and S. Coverse (1993). Shared mental models in expert team decision making. In N. J. Jr Castellan, (Ed.), Individual and group decision making. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates.
Conway, S., and F. Steward (2009). Managing and shaping innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.
Cooper, D. R., Schindler, P. S., and J. Sun, (2006). Business research methods. Boston: Irwin/McGraw-Hill.
Curral, L. and P. Marques-Quinteiro (2009). Self-leadership and Work Role Innovation: Testing a Mediation Model with Goal Orientation and Work Motivation. Revista de Psicologia del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones 25 (2): 165-176.
De Jong, J. P., and D. N. den Hartog (2007). How leaders influence employees’ innovative behaviour. European Journal of innovation management 10 (1): 41-64.
De Jong, J., and D. den Hartog (2010). Measuring innovative work behaviour. Creativity and Innovation Management 19 (1): 23-36.
Deci, E. L. (1975). Intrinsic Motivation. New York, NY: Plenum.
Deci, E. L. and R. Ryan (1985). Intrinsic Motivation and Self-determination in Human Behavior. New York, NY: Plenum.
Devine, D.J., Clayton, L.D., Philips, J.L., Dunford, B.B. and S.B. Melner (1999). Teams in organizations: prevalence, characteristics and effectiveness. Small Group Research 30 (6): 678-711.
DiLiello, T.C. & Houghton, J.D. (2006). Maximizing Organizational Leadership Capacity for the Future: Toward a Model of Self-Leadership, Innovation and Creativity. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21(4), 319-337.
Drnevich, P. L., & Croson, D. C. (2013). Information Technology and Business-Level Strategy: Toward an Integrated Theoretical Perspective. Management Information Systems Quarterly 37 (2): 483-509.
Edquist, C. (2001). The Systems of Innovation Approach and Innovation Policy: An account of the state of the art. In DRUID Conference, Aalborg.
Eisenbeiss, S.A. and S. Boerner (2010). Transformational Leadership and R&D Innovation: Taking a Curvilinear Approach. Creativity and Innovation Management 19 (4): 364-372.
Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Building theories from case study research. Academy of Management Review 14 (4): 532-550.
Fay, D., and M. Frese (2001). The concept of personal initiative: An overview of validity studies. Human Performance 14: 97-124.
Fichman, R. G., Dos Santos, B. L., and Z. E. Zheng (2014). Digital innovation as a fundamental and powerful concept in the information systems curriculum. Mis Quarterly 38(2): 329-353.
Filipescu, D. A., Rialp, A., and J. Rialp (2009). Internationalisation and technological innovation: Empirical evidence on their mutual relationship. Advances in International Marketing 20: 125-154.
Flanagan, J. C. (1954). The critical incident technique. Psychological Bulletin 51 (4): 327.
Galletta, A. (2013). Mastering the Semi-structured Interview and Beyond: From Research Design to Analysis and Publication. New York, NY: NYU Press.
Garcia, R., and R. Calantone (2002). A critical look at technological innovation typology and innovativeness terminology: a literature review. Journal of Product Innovation Management 19 (2): 110-132.
Georgina, S. (2007). Self-leadership: a cross-cultural perspective. Journal of Managerial Psychology 2 (6): 569-589.
Gersick, C. J. (1988). Time and transition in work teams: Toward a new model of group development. Academy of Management journal 31 (1): 9-41.
Goh, K. T., Goodman, P. S., and L. R. Weingart (2013). Team Innovation Processes An Examination of Activity Cycles in Creative Project Teams. Small Group Research 44 (2): 159-194.
Gollwitzer, P.M. (1990). Action phases and mind-sets. In E. T. Higgins and R. M. Sorrentino (Eds.), Handbook of Motivation and Cognition, Vol. 2, New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Guba, E. G., & Lincoln, Y. S. (1994). Competing paradigms in qualitative research. Handbook of qualitative research, 2, 163-194.
Hauschildt, K., and U. Konradt (2012). Self-leadership and team members’ work role performance. Journal of Managerial Psychology 27 (5): 497-517.
Houghton, J.D. and Neck, C.P. (2002), The revised self-leadership questionnaire: testing a hierarchical factor structure for self-leadership. Journal of Managerial Psychology 17: 672-691.
House, R. J. (1995). Leadership in the twenty-first century: A spectacular inquiry. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Howell, J. M., Shea, C. M., and C. A. Higgins (2005). Champions of product innovations: defining, developing, and validating a measure of champion behavior. Journal of Business Venturing 20 (5): 641-661.
Im, S., and Jr, J. P. Workman (2004). Market orientation, creativity, and new product performance in high-technology firms. Journal of Marketing 68 (2): 114-132.
Jacobs, D., and J. Brand (2007). Adding values: the cultural side of innovation. Arnhem: ArtEZ Press.
Kitchenham, B., Pretorius, R., Budgen, D., Pearl Brereton, O., Turner, M., Niazi, M., and S. Linkman (2010). Systematic literature reviews in software engineering – a tertiary study. Information and Software Technology 52 (8): 792-805.
Kleysen, R. F., and C. T. Street (2001). Toward a multi-dimensional measure of individual innovative behavior. Journal of Intellectual Capital 2 (3): 284-296.
Kline, B. E., and Martin, N. H. (1958). Freedom, authority and decentralization. Chicago: Industrial Relations Center, University of Chicago.
Konradt, U., Andreßen, P., and T. Ellwart, (2009). Self-leadership in organizational teams: A multilevel analysis of moderators and mediators. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 18 (3): 322-346.
Küchlin, W., and A. Weber (2005). Konzepte benutzerdefinierter Datenstrukturen. Einführung in die Informatik: Objektorientiert mit Java, 79-88.
Lee, J. (2008). Effects of leadership and leader-member exchange on innovativeness. Journal of Managerial Psychology 23 (6): 670-687.
Liu, J., Liu, X., & Zeng, X. (2011). Does transactional leadership count for team innovativeness?: The moderating role of emotional labor and the mediating role of team efficacy. Journal of Organizational Change Management 24 (3): 282-298.
Manz, C. (1986). Self-leadership: Toward an expanded theory of self-influence processes in organizations. Academy of Management Review 11 (3): 585-600.
Manz, C. C. (1992). Self-leading work teams: Moving beyond self-management myths. Human Relations 45 (11): 1119-1140.
Manz, C. C. and C. P. Neck (1991). Inner leadership: creating productive thought patterns. The Executive 3: 71ff.
Manz, C. C. and H.P. Jr Sims, (1980). Self-management as a substitute for leadership: a social learning perspective. Academy of Management Review 5: 361-367.
McAfee, A., and E. Brynjolfsson (2008). Investing in the IT that makes a competitive difference. Harvard Business Review 86 (7/8): 98.
Mumford, M. D. (2000). Managing creative people: strategies and tactics for innovation. Human resource Management Review 10 (3): 313-351.
Myers, M. D. (2009). Qualitative Research in Business & Management. New Delhi: SAGE Publication Ltd.
Neck, C. P. and J. D. Houghton (2006). Two decades of self-leadership theory and research, Journal of Managerial Psychology 21 (4): 270-295.
Ozcan, P., and K. M. Eisenhardt (2009). Origin of alliance portfolios: Entrepreneurs, network strategies, and firm performance. Academy of Management Journal 52 (2): 246-279.
Pearlson, K., and C. S. Saunders (2009). Strategic management of information systems. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
Phelan, S. and A. M. Young (2003). Understanding creativity in the workplace: an examination of individual styles and training in relation to creative confidence and creative self-leadership. Journal of Creative Behavior 37 (4): 266-281.
Ryan, R. M. and E. L. Deci (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist 55: 68-78.
Seligman, M. E. (2011). Learned Optimism: How to Change Your Mind and Your Life. New York, NY: Vintage.
Stewart, G. L., Courtright, S. H., and C. C. Manz (2011). Self-leadership: A multilevel review. Journal of Management 37 (1): 185-222.
Sundaram, S., Schwarz, Al, Jones, E., and W. W. Chin (2007). Technology use on the front line: how information technology enhances individual performance. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 35 (1): 101-112.
Tidd, J. (2001). Innovation management in context: environment, organization and performance. International Journal of Management Reviews 3 (3): 169-183.
Uhl-Bien, M., and G. B. Graen (1998). Individual self-management: Analysis of professionals’ self- managing activities in functional and cross-functional work teams. Academy of Management Journal 41: 340-350.
Van de Ven, A. H. (1986). Central problems in the management of innovation. Management Science 32 (5): 590-607.
West, M. A. and J. L. Farr, (Eds.) (1990). Innovation and Creativity at Work: Psychological and Organizational Strategies. Chichester: Wiley.
Wang, W., Li, X., and Hsieh, J. P. A. (2013). The contingent effect of personal IT innovativeness and IT
self-efficacy on innovative use of complex IT. Behaviour & Information Technology, 32(11), 1105-1124.
Yang, S. B., and M. E. Guy (2011). The Effectiveness of Self-Managed Work Teams in Government Organizations. Journal of Business and Psychology 26 (4): 531-541.
Yin, R. K. (2009). Case study research: Design and methods (Vol. 5). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2014 Author & JLM