Journal of Leadership and Management <p><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">Journal of Leadership and Management is listed in Cabells Journalytics</span></p> en-US Journal of Leadership and Management 2391-6087 <p><span lang="EN-US">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution License NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International</strong> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. </span></p> Introducing a Self-Leadership-Driven, Action Research-Informed, and Character Education-Based Theoretical Framework for Educational, Ideological, and Administrative Balance in the 21st Century <p>In a variety of ways—e.g. educationally, ideologically, administratively, culturally, and politically—the United States is more divided in 2020 than it has been since 1860. These fractures have negatively impacted everything from political discourse and cultural attitudes to workplace mores and familial relationships. More recently, said fractures have spilled onto city streets and government spaces in the form of radical violence. While the reasons for these divisions are many and varied, they are—like most problems—ultimately impacted by (if not fundamentally rooted in) EDUCATION. This paper introduces a theoretical framework for educational, ideological, and administrative balance in the twenty-first century. Its primary aim is the long-term development of leaders, managers, educators, parents, and citizens who are more educationally and ideologically balanced and, in-turn, more focused on and committed to their own personal and professional growth (and that of their colleagues and subordinates) than they are in political posturing or partisan promotional ploys. This balanced approach is called SELF-ACTION LEADERSHIP, or SAL for short, and is a derivative of Self-Leadership (S-L) and Action Research (AR) Theory. SAL represents a common-sense, character-centric, and heuristic compromise that practical parties on all sides of the current socio-political divide may reasonably embrace and promote for the benefit of rising generations and anyone willing to accept its tenable tenets. The ultimate goal is for SAL curricula to become a unifying, pragmatic go-to tool for leaders and managers of all kinds—including politicians, administrators, educators, and parents—who seek to promote personal and professional growth in (as well as unity among) their constituents, colleagues, subordinates, students, and children.</p> Jordan R. Jensen Christopher P. Neck Copyright (c) 2021 Author & JLM 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 1 18 The Effect of Professional Identity Salience and Leadership Climate on Accountants’ Ethical Decisions <p>The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of contextual factors in organizations on accountants’ ethical decisions. Specifically, the study investigated whether professional identity salience and ethical leadership climate affected accountants’ ethical judgments and intentions to act more ethically. A study is conducted, in a 2 x 2 between-factorial design, by using certified public accountants (N=375) as participants. The findings show that accountants made more ethical judgments when professional identity salience was increased by highlighting the professional code of ethics. Accountants intended to act more ethically only when the leadership climate was positive. The results suggest that a good ethical climate created through management practices potentially constitutes a necessary condition to influence employees’ ethical behavior.</p> Yin Xu Karl J. Wang Douglas E. Ziegenfuss Copyright (c) 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 1 18 Evaluation of a Large Profits-First College <p>In this paper, the authors attempted to study an organization known as a university, to provide management and leadership recommendations for improvement. However, upon further investigation, it became more apparent that this organization is not a true university, but rather a for-profit corporation, masquerading as a university, that is only interested in profits now. The authors then amended their recommendations, and in fact have come to a conclusion that no improvement is likely in any “university” whose primary mission is the attainment of profits.</p> Sergey Ivanov John Brooks Feng Xu J. Ndumbe Anyu Copyright (c) 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 1 18 Global Leadership Strategies Engaging Online Faculty Through Deep Machine Learning <p>Academic leaders play crucial roles in ensuring inclusion and engagement for online adjunct faculty, which is an increasingly important issue, as research has shown that engaged employees are more loyal to their workplaces, thus minimizing turnover. However, academic leaders may confront various challenges when attempting to provide sufficient support for faculty members. The current study implemented a descriptive phenomenological approach involving deep machine learning to investigate both inclusion and engagement based on the perspectives of 15 academic leaders. The results showed that 28% of participants used the leadership strategy of empowerment to include and engage online adjunct faculty. The current study contributes to the literature through its successful use of a deep machine learning model to derive important perspectives and opinions related to the improvement of online performance, thus constituting a new and innovative approach to academic leadership research. The study findings may produce positive social change by reducing turnover and increasing job satisfaction for online adjunct faculty who are working in higher education. Finally, the collected data provide relevant information on how empowerment strategies can increase the overall sense of inclusion and engagement experienced by online adjunct faculty members.</p> Lorraine Matos Karina Kasztelnik Copyright (c) 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 1 18 The Small and Medium Scale Business Owner’s Lived Management Experience on Small Business Financing Strategies in the Development Country with the Deep Machine Learning Analysis Techniques <p>Past studies highlighted that small and medium scale enterprises contributions to nations’ economy have been minimal due to their inability to access the sufficient funds for their operations. The challenge is that small business owners lack the right strategies to raise finances required for business operations. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences of small and medium scale enterprise owners in raising of finances from lending institutions. The conceptual framework emphasized the concept of business environment, financing institutions, knowledge, and experience of small business owners as related to small and medium scale enterprise funding. The research questions explored small business owners lived experiences in sourcing finances for their operations. A qualitative phenomenological study conducted with 15 small business owners drawn from small business owners that have recently accessed finances from lending institutions. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews through Zoom.&nbsp; Data analysis was done using a deep machine learning analysis technique to extract emergent themes that provided answers to the research questions. The findings show that the development country business environment is harsh and exacerbated by financing institutions that are non-supportive of small business owners. This forces small business owners to seek alternative funding sources such debt financing, turning to venture capitalists, which is the most common form of financial source for new ventures including small and medium scale enterprises, as well as family and social networks for funding. The study findings will contribute to positive social change by creating awareness amongst small and medium scale business owners on the best financial strategies to fund their operations to remain profitable and sustainable.</p> Chukwu Anthony Ogochukwu Karina Kasztelnik Copyright (c) 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 1 18